Demographics of Cincinnati
White Black Native American Asian Hispanic
Total Population 49.3% 44.8% 0.9% 2.0% 2.8%
FACTS ABOUT CINCINNATI
Cincinnati is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Hamilton County. The population was estimated to be 333,200.
1.In 1829, a riot broke out, as anti-abolitionists attacked blacks in the city. 1,200 blacks left the city as a result and resettled in Canada. The riot and its refugees were a topic of discussion throughout the nation, and at the first Negro Convention held in 1830 in Philadelphia, Pennsylva nia.
2. Riots also occurred in 1836 and 1841.In 1836, a mob of 700 anti-abolitionists again attacked black neighborhoods, as well as a press run by James Birney, publisher of the anti-slavery weekly The Philanthropist. Tensions further increased after passage in 1850 of the Fugitive Slave Act.
3. Harriet Beecher Stowe lived in Cincinnati for a time, met escaped slaves, and used their stories as a basis for her watershed novel Uncle Tom's Cabin. Levi Coffin made the Cincinnati area the center of his anti-slavery efforts in 1847.
4. Today, the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, located on the Cincinnati riverfront in the middle of "The Banks" area between Great American Ballpark and Paul Brown Stadium, commemorates this era.
5. By 2001, decades of inner-city neglect, the crack cocaine epidemic of the 80s and 90s, and backlash against several violent incidents involving the overwhelmingly white Cincinnati police force and black residents reached another boiling point. In April 2001, racially charged riots occurred after police shot and killed a black man, Timothy Thomas during a foot pursuit.
6. Cincinnati is home to numerous festivals and events throughout the year, including The annual Midwest Black Family Reunion.
7. Cincinnati has given rise to popular musicians and singers Doris Day, Dinah Shore, Fats Waller, Rosemary Clooney, James Brown, Bootsy Collins, The Isley Brothers, Otis Williams, Mood, Midnight Star, 98 Degrees, The Deele, The National and alternative Hip Hop producer Hi-Tek and TraxxStarr call the Greater Cincinnati region home.
8. Cincinnati belongs to a climatic transition zone, at the northern limit of the humid subtropical climate and the southern limit of the humid continental climate zone. Summers are hot and humid, with significant rainfall in each month.
2. New York
9. New Orleans
17. Saint Louis
21. Los Angeles
23. San Francisco
WAIF 88.3 FM Cincinnati, OH Variety
WVQC (LPFM) 95.7 FM Cincinnati, OH
Variety WDKF 99.9 FM Kettering, OH Top-40
WIZF 101.1 FM Erlanger, KY Hip Hop
WKRQ 101.9 FM Cincinnati, OH Top-40
WKFS 107.1 FM Milford, OH Top-40
WDAO 1210 AM Dayton, OH Urban Contemporary
WDBZ 1230 AM Cincinnati, OH Talk
WCKY1530 AM Cincinnati, OHSports
Allen Temple AME Church Site - 7181 Reading Road (513) 531-7539
Bethel AME Church - Category: Black Churhes- 700 Mulberry Street Cincinnati, OH 45215 (513) 761-3208
Christ Emmanuel Christian Fellowship - Category: Black Churhes- 1225 E Mcmillan St Cincinnati, OH 45206 (513) 242-5200
Corithian Baptist Church - Category: Black Churhes- 772 Whittier Street Cincinnati, OH 45229 (513) 221-7351
Lee Chapel AME Church - 2009 Pogue Avenue - Cincinnati, Ohio 45208-3231 (513) 871-5885
Lincoln Heights Missionary Baptist Church - Category: Black Churhes- 9991 Wayne Avenue Cincinnati, OH 45215 (513) 772-5422
Quinn Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church - 10998 Southland Rd. Cincinnati, Ohio 45240 (513) 825-4900
Mt. Moriah Baptist - Category: Black Churhes- 1169 Simmons Avenue Lincoln Heights, OH 45215 (513) 733-5880
New Jerusalem Baptist Church - - 26 W. North Bend Rd - Cincinnati, Ohio (513) 821-0704 - (513) 821-5528 - (visit website)
Revelation Missionary Baptist Church - 1556 John Street (513) 579-1133
St Mark Missionary Baptist Church - Category: Black Churhes- 2365 Compton Rd Cincinnati, OH 45231 (513) 728-3600
Union Baptist Church - Category: Black Churhes- 405 W. Seventh Street Cincinnati, OH 45203 (513) 381-3858
A Touch of History
I think an awful lot of you; Shoo-fly regiment by Joe Jordan (1907). Historical American Sheet Music: 1850-1920, American Memory, Library of Congress
Joe Jordan (1882-1971) was born in Cincinnati, raised in St. Louis, and moved to Chicago in his youth. From 1900-05, Jordan concentrated on writing piano rags, but also contributed a song to Sons of Ham (1900).
Around 1905, he began a long career as a conductor and composer, working with James Reese Europe on Ernest Hogan's Memphis Students performance troupe. In 1906 he became music director of Chicago's Pekin Theater Orchestra. Jordan also worked in Chicago as a composer and conductor for several musicals. He contributed songs such as "Lovey Joe" to Ziegfeld's 1910 Follies. In 1939 Jordan directed the performance of "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing" for the ASCAP Silver Jubilee.
1.Club 7 - 700 West Pete Rose Way Cincinnati, OH (513) 421-6200
2.The Ritz - 1752 Seymour Avenue Cincinnati, OH (513) 607-7043
3.Velvet Red Room-314 W 4th St, Cincinnati, OH 45202 (513) 546-7315.
4. Mount Adams Pavilion-949 Pavilion St Cincinnati, OH 45202
5.Level Nightlife-Downtown-435 Elm St Cincinnati, OH 45202
AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center is a museum in downtown Cincinnati, Ohio based on the history of the Underground Railroad. Opened in 2004, the Center also pays tribute to all efforts to "abolish human enslavement and secure freedom for all people.".
Address: 50 East Freedom Way, Cincinnati, Ohio 45202
Phone:(513) 333-7500 or Toll Free: (877) 648-4838
It is one of a new group of "museums of conscience" in the United States, along with the Museum of Tolerance, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and the National Civil Rights Museum. The Center offers insight into the struggle for freedom in the past, in the present, and for the future, as it attempts to challenge visitors to contemplate the meaning of freedom in their own lives. Its location recognizes the significant role of Cincinnati in the history of the Underground Railroad, as thousands of slaves escaped to freedom by crossing the Ohio River from the southern slave states. Many found refuge in the city, some staying there temporarily before heading north to gain freedom in Canada.
Main entrance to the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center
After ten years of planning, fundraising, and construction, the $110 million. The Freedom Center opened to the public on August 3, 2004; official opening ceremonies took place on August 23. The 158,000 square foot (15,000 m²) structure was designed by Boora Architects (design architect) of Portland, Oregon with Blackburn Architects (architect of record) of Indianapolis.
Three pavilions celebrate courage, cooperation and perseverance. The exterior features rough travertine stone from Tivoli, Italy on the east and west faces of the building, and copper panels on the north and south. According to Walter Blackburn, one of its primary architects before his death, the building's "undulating quality" expresses the fields and the river that escaping slaves crossed to reach freedom. First Lady Laura Bush, Oprah Winfrey, and Muhammad Ali attended the groundbreaking ceremony on June 17, 2002.
CINCINNATI CULTURAL SITES
DESCRIPTION: Possibly the first Hip-Hop Youth Arts Center and certainly an amazing concept that should be copied nationwide; a safe space where 14-24 year olds have access to recording studio resources, DJ sessions, Hip-Hop Dance training; the center is youth-driven and provides a positive creative outlet to their expression; trust and relationships co-mingle in exciting ways that may be the future of Hip-Hop; donations directly to the center are welcome.
DAYS & HOURS: Mon-Thu 3PM-8PM
ADDRESS: 1100 Race Street
Bi-Okoto Drum & Dance Theatre and School of African Cultures
DESCRIPTION: Experienced teachers train you to get your drumming and dancing on; this wonderful school features ongoing quarterly classes at affordable prices.
DAYS & HOURS: Mon-Sat 9a-6p
ADDRESS: 5601 Montgomery Road
Harriet Beecher Stowe House
DESCRIPTION: A cultural and educational center that promotes black history, this house was built by Lane Seminary in 1833 to serve as the residence of that institution’s president; Harriet Beecher moved to Cincinnati from Connecticut in 1832 with her father, Dr. Lyman Beecher, who had been appointed president of the seminary; in Cincinnati where Harriet learned about the evils of slavery, which inspired her book, Uncle Tom's Cabin. The book is credited with inspiring thousands of European Americans to become abolitionists, joining the fight to end slavery and assisting the Underground Railroad.
DAYS & HOURS: Tue-Sat 10AM-2PM (May-Labor Day), Thu, Sat 10AM-1pPM (Labor Day-Thanksgiving), Closed (Thanksgiving-January 31st), Thu, Sat 10AM-1PM (February-April)
ADDRESS: 2950 Gilbert Ave MAP
PARKING: On street
PHONE: 800-847-6507 or 513-632-5120
The Slave Pen, the principal artifact at the Freedom Center, was transported from its original Kentucky location and reconstructed on the second floor of the Center.
The pen was originally owned by Captain John Anderson, a veteran of the Revolutionary War and slave trader. Slaves from the area were transported from Dover, Kentucky to slave markets in Natchez, Mississippi and New Orleans, Louisiana; they were held in this pen for a few days or several months, as he and other traders waited for favorable market conditions and higher selling prices. The pen has eight small windows, the original stone floor and fireplace. On the second floor are a row of wrought iron rings (see photo at right) through which a central chain ran, tethering men on either side. Male slaves were held on the second floor, while women were kept on the first floor, where they used the fireplace for cooking.
"The pen is powerful," says Carl B. Westmoreland, curator and senior adviser to the museum. "It has the feeling of hallowed ground. When people stand inside, they speak in whispers. It is a sacred place. I believe it is here to tell a story - the story of the internal slave trade to future generations.
BLACK GENESIS - CINCINNATI
With its prime location on a bend of the Ohio River, the city became the industrial, commercial and cultural center for Ohio, northern Kentucky, and the southern Indiana. Founded in 1788 as Losantiville, it name-changed to Cincinnati in 1790 to honor The Society of Cincinnati, an organization of former Revolutionary War officers. Plentiful work attracted many different ethnic and racial immigrants, the largest being Germans. By the mid-1830’s thousands clustered north and east of the Miami-Erie Canal that once flowed through town, calling their new neighborhood “Over-The-Rhine” because it reminded them of the Rhine River in their native land. By 1870 about 23% of Cincinnati’s 200,000 residents were German-born. In its early days, most of Cincinnati’s population was concentrated downtown.
African Americans first came to the area in 1810, before the city incorporated in 1819. They were attracted to jobs in the riverbank slaughterhouses considered undesirable to most other groups. Cincinnati earned the nickname “Porkopolis” due to its thriving meat packing industry of the time. A great influx of free African Americans, newly freed slaves and escaped slaves found Cincinnati irresistible.
There were several reasons free African Americans settled in Cincinnati. For most of the 1800’s, Cincinnati was the sixth largest city in the nation and larger than Chicago. Travelers stopped here before going to St. Louis and points west. With such a large city population, among the 5,000 African Americans (per the 1820 US Census), free persons of color hoped to blend in better. Various levels of formal education were available in and around Cincinnati, which could make a big difference in the kind of life they led.
African Americans were denied entry into public schools and Ohio enacted Black Codes restricting movement and advancement. Of course, that state of affairs was common nationwide, so it did not stop Black immigration to Cincinnati. George Washington Williams, an author, became the first Black official elected in the Ohio State Assembly. Not fooled by token progress and access to political power, African Americans opened their own school of advancement many miles northeast of the city.
In 1844, the Ohio Conference of the African Methodist Episcopal Church took steps to found Union Seminary, which finally opened in 1847 twelve miles west of Columbus. Then in 1853, the Cincinnati Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church recommended establishing an institution of higher learning in a broader range of academic disciplines. In 1856, Wilberforce University was opened. Thus, Wilberforce University became the first institution of higher learning established by people of African descent in the United States. It was later named on behalf of William Wilberforce, a British Abolitionist and taken over by the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1863.
From 1890 to 1930, African American migration mirrored the industrial job growth of the city. The bitter and constant reminders of racial discrimination bolstered NAACP membership and later the Universal Negro Improvement Association, which at one point had 8000 members in the city. Another job boom for African Americans occurred during World War II. It attracted more Black immigrants, who mostly settled in the West End district where cramped and inferior housing were the norm.
By 1950 more housing options opened for inner city residents, as highways and malls promoted urban sprawl by the middleclass to the suburbs. When jobs and resources get scarcer in a city, it brings out the worst in everyone. Latent racism in the city became more pronounced, triggering race riots in 1967 and more White Flight afterwards. The latter factor helped usher in some degree of Black political empowerment. Between 1972 and 1991, the city had three black mayors, Theodore Berry, J. Kenneth Blackwell, and Dwight Tillery, as well as the theatrical and controversial former mayor, Jerry Springer.
Unfortunately, the city’s race problems were exacerbated by allegations of murder by rogue police officers. It did not help that an official review of the matter let the rogue police officers walk. Riots ensued. In fairness to the many police officers who do a fair days work, its important to emphasize that the majority of Cincinnati’s finest were NOT rogue cops. Furthermore, many other American cities experience the same conditions, but avoid the flashpoint where justifiable emotions are overcome by the unreasonable actions of a few. Fortunately, organized and nationally visible protests are channeling community sentiment into more productive outcomes. The Black Chamber of Commerce chapter, founded by James Clingman, deserves some of the credit for the city’s transition back to a positive image. Another huge step forward was the corporate and municipal support, which opened the stunning National Underground Railroad Freedom Center.
The ring in the second-floor joist was used to secure male slaves in the pen.
DESCRIPTION: Since its completion 70 years ago, the building's function has remained the same: office space, shopping and hotel rooms. And throughout those decades, visitors to Cincinnati have stood on the 49th floor observation deck, enjoying one of the city's most spectacular views. On a clear day, visitors can see for several miles in all directions.
DAYS & HOURS: Observation Deck is open Mon-Thu 9a-5:30p, Friday 9a-6p, Sat-Sun 10a-7p
ADMISSION: Deck admission: $2 adults & $1 children
ADDRESS: 441 Vine Street
DESCRIPTION: Since the 1830’s German immigrants clustered north and east of the Miami-Erie Canal that flowed through town and called their neighborhood called “Over-The-Rhine”; listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the district has the largest collection of 19th century Italianate buildings in the country, many of which are artist cooperatives; Main Street is home to a slew of coffeehouses, bars, boutique stores, bookstores, and art galleries; Main Street from Central Parkway to Liberty
ADDRESS: 12th Street between Vine and Sycamore Streets.
DESCRIPTION: Stop at the longest running open-air farmer’s market in Ohio for fresh fruits, veggies, and the best horseradish in the city.
ADDRESS: 1801 Race Street
DESCRIPTION: A wonderful piece of of art that also serves as town center - a must visit ADDRESS: heart of downtown
DESCRIPTION: Completed in 133, this nationally recognized conservatory of 3,500 plant species from around the world, including a 20-foot rainforest waterfall; a blazingly colorful event is the annual Butterfly Show – thousands of butterflies are released within the conservatory's showroom.
DAYS & HOURS: Daily 10a-5p
ADDRESS: 950 Eden Park Drive
River Downs Racetrack
DESCRIPTION: For over three-quarters of a century, race fans have enjoyed the pleasure of taking in the races at this beautiful track that has kept up with the times, while never losing its ambiance. Located only minutes from downtown Cincinnati along the scenic Ohio River, River Downs is warm, friendly, and it keeps you close to the live action while presenting year-round simulcast racing in a comfortable setting that is on the cutting edge of modern technology
ADDRESS: 6301 Kellogg Ave
THE GENERAL ATTRACTIONS IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA OF CINCINNATI
Jungle Jim's International Market
DESCRIPTION: A place where the first rule is to treat customers like gold, the second is to have fun doing it; people come from several states away for the unique shopping experience Jungle Jim’s International Market offers; features a wide selection of food from all over the world and red hot deals.
ADDRESS: 5440 Dixie Highway
Cincinnati Premium Outlets
DESCRIPTION: These gorgeous outlets are Ohio's newest shopping destination, located between Dayton and Cincinnati; enjoy saving pricing for brand shops such as Banana Republic Factory Store, Coach, Gap Outlet, J.Crew, Michael Kors, Nike Factory Store, Polo Ralph Lauren Factory Store and Saks Fifth Avenue Off 5th.
ADDRESS: 400 Premium Outlets Drive
Argosy Casino and Hotel
DESCRIPTION: The casino's pavilion and entertainment complex provides various guest services and amenities including: ticketing, Preferred Players' Club desk, gift shop, theme restaurants and bars. It also has an attached 1,800-car covered garage.
ADDRESS: 777 Argosy Parkway