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BOSTON

Demographics of Boston, Massachusetts

                                 White          Black        Native American        Asian          Hispanic

Total Population    56.3%         23.5%              0.4%                       8.2%             16.1%

FACTS ABOUT BOSTON

1. Boston is the capital and largest city in Massachusetts, and is one of the oldest

cities in the United States. Boston city proper had a estimated population of

645,169.

2. With many colleges and universities within the city and surrounding area, Boston

is an international center of higher education and a center for medicine. The

city's economy is also based on research, electronics, engineering, finance, and

high technology—principally biotechnology.

3. The city was ranked number one for innovation, both globally and in North

America, for a variety of reasons. Boston has been experiencing gentrification,

and has one of the highest costs of living in the United States, though it remains

high on world livability rankings, ranking third in the US and 37th globally.

4. In 2002, Forbes Magazine ranked the Boston Public Schools as the best large city

school system in the country, with a graduation rate of 82%. In 2005, the

student population within the school system was 45.5% Black or African

American, 31.2% Hispanic or Latino, 14% White, and 9% Asian, as compared

with 24%, 14%, 49%, and 8% respectively for the city as a whole.

5. Boston has a climate that is continental in nature but with maritime influences

owing to its coastal location. Summers are typically warm, rainy, and humid,

while winters are cold, windy, and snowy. Spring and fall are usually mild, but

conditions are widely varied, depending on wind direction and jet stream

positioning.

Radio Stations

WPRO 92.3 FM Providence, RI Top-40

WEEI 93.7 FM Lawrence, MA Sports

WJMN 94.5 FM Boston, MA Hip Hop

WBZ 98.5 FM Boston, MA Sports

WWKX 106.3 FM Woonsocket, RI Hip Hop

WXKS 107.9 FM Medford, MA Top-40

WBZS 550 AM Pawtucket, RI Business News

WILD 1090 AM Boston, MA Urban Contemporary

WWZN 1510 AM Boston, MA Talk

WNTN 1550 AM Newton, MA Variety

A Touch of History

Phillis Wheatley

Phillis Wheatley was the first published African-American female poet. Born in West Africa, she was sold into slavery at the age of seven and transported to North America. She was purchased by the Wheatley family of Boston, who taught her to read and write, and encouraged her poetry when they saw her talent.

WHAT'S HAPPENING?

Councilor Yancey cheers upcoming 42nd Annual Boston Caribbean Carnival Boston City Hall…Boston City Councilor Charles C. Yancey today praised the Caribbean American Carnival Association and its president, Shirley Shillingford, for organizing the upcoming 42nd Annual Boston Caribbean Carnival.

The Carnival began in Boston on Saturday, August 29, 2015, at the intersection of Warren Street and Martin Luther King Boulevard and ends at Franklin Park along Blue Hill Avenue.

Yancey, who has attended nearly every Carnival since its inception, says he’s enormously proud of the increased revenue, global distinction, and Caribbean culture the annual Carnival brings to the City of Boston.

Yancey said the Trinidadian-style Carnival will transform Boston into a stream of colorful costumes and passionate Caribbean sounds. “I urge you to come out this Saturday and enjoy the best of Caribbean art, food, dance, and entertainment,” he said.

The Boston Caribbean Carnival, founded by the late Ken Bonaparte Mitchell and Ivy Ponder in 1973, annually attracts more than 600,000 people to Boston and is one of the nation’s most successful and longest running carnivals.

Many Carnival traditions evolved from the intricate African culture of creating masks and costumes through painting, sewing, welding and applying feathers, sequins and glitter.
 

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ENTERTAINMENT

1.Felt Nightclub -  Category: Nightclub -   533 Washington Street (Downtown) (857) 212-5660

 

2.Mottley's Comedy Club -   61 Chatham St., Boston, MA 02109 (877) 615-2844

3.Scullers Jazz Club -   400 Soldiers Field Rd, Boston, MA (617) 562-4111.

4.The Black Comedy Explosion in Boston -   PO Box 200084 (617) 590-8334.

5. Wally's Cafe Inc. -  The oldest family owned and operated jazz clubs in existence.   427 Massachusetts Ave, Boston, MA (617) 424-1408.

6.MOJITOS Club - downtown near the Boston Common across from Park Street. Popular upstairs night club, everyone is welcome. 48 Winter Street, (617) 834-0552.

7.The Middlesex Lounge-http://www.middlesexlounge.us
Cambridge, 617-868-6739Boston Magazine selected Middlesex Lounge as its 2011 Best Dance Club category winner. The list is constantly updated and new joints have opened since then.

 

 

 

ANNUAL EVENTS

  1. Annual African American Ball 
    Location: Campus Center, first floor, University Room terrace and street (Feb) 

    1500 - 1600 people expected for this event.
     

  2. Boston Carnival 
    317 Blue Hill Ave, Roxbury, MA 02121 (617) 442-7083 / (617) 642-5185    - (visit website) 

    Stimulate your sensibilities with the writings of their writers and the paintings of their painters; and they nourish you with their cosmopolitan food. (Oct)
     

  3. The Annual Charles C. Yancey Book Fair 
    One City Hall Square - Boston - Massachusetts - 02201 (617) 635-3131

    The Yanceys have distributed over 600,000 books to over 25,000 families in Boston since establishing the book fair in 1987. (Held in August)
     

  4. The Boston Natural Areas Network 
    City Natives, 30 Edgewater Drive in Mattapan   - (visit website) Celebrate the harvest season at the Annual Harvest Festival & Perennial Divide. Exchange, give away, or take plants as BNAN Master Urban Gardeners will be on hand to provide advice. 

AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE

AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTS

Museum of the National Center for Afro-American Art

Orisha are spiritual forces that manifest themselves through natural events and phenomena within the context of Yoruba cosmology. Learn about West African religious beliefs at the exhibit. In this exhibition, photographs do not have individual labels. Instead, they are all part of a continuum that reveals the presence of the Orisha.

It is in that sense that we have called the works a ‘series.’ Among the many domains represented are woods or forests, sweet (fresh) water, oceans (salt water), storms, and the sky. Peer into the interior of the landscapes and see if you discover visages that might indicate Orisha. See how many of the Orisha manifested in the photographs you can identify.

Location: Museum of the National Center for Afro-American Art and Artists, 300 Walnut Avenue, Boston, MA 02119 (617) 442-8614 Tuesday-Sunday 1:00 pm-5:00 pm.

AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTISTS 

Afro-American Art artists and a universe of black visual art are on exhibit at the The Museum of the National Center of Afro American Artists (NCAAA)

Location: Roxbury at 300 Walnut Avenue.

Phone: (617) 442-8614 for features and direction.

 

Among the resources offered at the Museum are its African, Afro-Latin, Afro-Caribbean and African American collections; an extensive slide archive, and a rich variety of education programs for young people and adults. Experience historical and contemporary exhibitions in many media, including painting, sculpture, graphics, photography and decorative arts.

 

The works of African American artists are on display at the Boston Museum of Fine Art www.mfa.org.

CHURCHES

  1. Bethel AME Church -  38 Walk Hill Street, Jamaica Plain, MA 02130 (617) 524-7900 - (visit website) 
     

  2. Columbus Avenue A. M. E. Zion Church -  600 Columbus Avenue, Boston, MA 02118 (617) 266-2758
     

  3. Ebenezer Baptist Church -  157 W Springfield St, Boston, MA 02118-1403 (617) 262-7739 - (visit website)
     

  4. Grant AME Church -  1906 Washington St, Boston, MA 02118-3212 (617) 427-0117
     

  5. Mt. Calvary Baptist Church -  541 Massachusetts Ave, Boston, MA 02118-1401 (617) 247-8614 - (visit website) 
     

  6. St John's St James Episcopal -  149 Roxbury St, Roxbury, MA 02119-1525 (617) 445-8843 
     

  7. Timothy Baptist Church -  35 Highland Street, Roxbury, MA 02119 (617) 445-3820
     

  8. United Emmanuel Holiness Church -  65 Windsor St, Roxbury Crossing, MA 02120-2246 (617) 442-4183
     

BOSTON CULTURAL SITES

African Meeting House

The African Meeting House, also known variously as First African Baptist Church, First Independent Baptist Church and the Belknap Street Church, was built in 1806 and is now the oldest black church edifice still standing in the United States.

Address46 Joy St, Boston, MA 02114

Opened: 1806

Area21,780 ft²

Hours

Monday                10AM–4PM

Tuesday                10AM–4PM

Wednesday          10AM–4PM

Thursday              10AM–4PM

Friday                   10AM–4PM

Saturday              10AM–4PM

Sunday                 Closed

Boston Massacre Monument
In 1851 Lewis Hayden, William C Nell, and Charles Redmond petitioned the state legislature for this monument dedicated to Crispus Attucks; finally erected in 1888, the base-relief image of Crispus Attucks lies in the foreground of the granite monument, because he was the 1st to die for the colony that became America

ADDRESS: Boston Common, at Tremont Street and West Street  MAP

PARKING: Public garages nearby

TRANSIT: Park Street Metro Station is 2 blocks northeast

Robert Gould Shaw & US 54th Regiment Memorial
When President Lincoln admitted black soldiers into the Union forces in 1863, the US 54th Regiment of Massachusetts Volunteer infantry was the 1st black regiment recruited in the north; as the movie Glory depicted, Robert Gould Shaw, a young white officer volunteered for its command; the 54th Regiment trained in what is present day Hyde Park area of Boston; on 18 July 1863 the 54th wrote history with their assault on Fort Wagner in Charleston, SC; Sergeant William Carney's bravery saving the flag despite three wounds earned him the distinction of 1st African American to be awarded a Congressional Medal of Honor; this tall bronze relief was sculpted by August Saint-Gaudens and erected 1897

ADDRESS: Boston Common, Beacon Street across from the State House MAP

PARKING: Public garages nearby

TRANSIT: Park Street Metro Station is 2 blocks southeast across Boston Common.


William Lloyd Garrison Statue
Honors one of the chief abolitionists of his day; The Liberator newspaper, first published by Garrison in 1831; for years it was the primary voice of the Abolitionist Movement; the fiery, uncompromising Garrison and many of his loyal readership who assisted in the Underground Railroad, are compelling examples that a number of European Americans were committed to the freedom and rights of African Americans; sculptor Olin L Warner’s piece was dedicated in 1885.

ADDRESS: Commonwealth Mall between Exeter Street & Dartmouth Street  MAP

PARKING: Public garages nearby

TRANSIT: Copley Metro Station is 1.5 blocks east, 4 short blocks south


Asa Phillip Randolph Memorial
An exquisite major memorial to America’s greatest civil and labor rights organizer and leader, Asa Phillip Randolph (1889-1979) in one of Boston’s two major train stations; sculpted by Tina Allen, the 6 foot tall bronze memorial on a 2 foot tall circular pedestal details a man with a pencil contemplating his next plan; inscribed on the pedestal are Randolph’s words “Salvation for a race, nation or class must come from within”; he was born to an AME church reverend and mother in Crescent City, Florida who taught him lessons of leadership from Hannibal, Crispus Attucks, Nat Turner, Harriet Tubman and Frederick Douglass; after the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters was founded in 1921 by Ashley Totten, Randolph quickly rose to head the organization in 1925; though best known for organizing great marches on Washington in 1941 and 1963, Randolph has a lasting impact today for advancing the labor rights of all Americans; he was the first African American to successfully negotiate labor contracts with one of the largest employers in the first half of the 20th century, Pullman Car Company; he led the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters acceptance into the AFL-CIO with full member rights

ADDRESS: 145 Dartmouth Street, inside Back Bay (Train) Station  MAP

PARKING: Public garages on premises

TRANSIT: Back Bay Metro Station on premises

 

Emancipation Monument
In the same triangular park as the Harriet Tubman Monument finds another statue that is equally moving; it honors "African American freed persons who by their courage and valor gave meaning to emancipation; this sculpture by Meta Veux Warrick Fuller (1877-1968) was completed in 1913, but was rededicated here

ADDRESS: Columbus Ave at West Newton  MAP

PARKING: On street

TRANSIT: Massachusetts Avenue Metro Station 5 short blocks southeast, 1 block north

Harriet Tubman Monument
 A magnificent 9 foot tall bronze statue depicts Harriet Tubman leading slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad; Harriet’s three dimensional image appropriately projects Harriet ahead of those she leads to freedom; Harriet was born in eastern Maryland, where she led most of escape sojourns for over 300 slaves, and takes them to freedom in Canada, she did this despite a huge bounty placed on her head by slaveholders; for her brave and selfless heroism she has lovingly earned the nickname “Black Moses”; sculpted by C. Cunningham, the monument was dedicated in 1999 on Triangular park-like setting in the historic core of Black Boston

ADDRESS: Columbus at West Newton  MAP

PARKING: On street

TRANSIT:Massachusetts Avenue Metro Station 5 short blocks southeast, 1 block north

Roxbury Center for Arts
Newly renovated and located at Hibernian Hall in Roxbury; the Underground Railway Theater; has presented works such as, Are You Ready, My Sister?, a historical adventure story about Harriet Tubman

ADMISSION: Free, except during some special events
DAYS & HOURS: Daily, but special events are typically at 7p

ADDRESS: 184 Dudley Street  MAP

PHONE: 617-541-3900

PARKING: On street

WEBSITE: http://www.rcahh.org

Museum of the National Center of Afro-American Artists
Established 1978 to compile, interpret and disseminate the culture of African Americans as defined by works of art; this estimable center has an international reputation for its interpretive work on the cultural heritage of African Americans and people of African descent throughout the world; one permanent exhibition is Aspelta: A Nubian King's Burial Chamber, the world's only fully accurate and scale-sized recreation of a Nubian tomb interior includes more than fifty 2600 year old objects from King Aspelta's tomb or times; the Eternal Presence sculpture by John Wilson celebrates human creativity and spirituality from the beginning of the human family to now - he drew inspiration from the Olmec heads of ancient Mexico and images contemplating Buddhas.

ADMISSION: $4 adults, $3 seniors

DAYS & HOURS: Tue-Sun 1p-5p

ADDRESS: 300 Walnut Ave  MAP

PARKING: On premises

TRANSIT: Jackson Square Metro Station is an awkward 8 blocks west

PHONE: 617-442-8614

WEBSITE: http://www.ncaaa.org

Free At Last Sculpture
Dedicated to distinguished Boston University alumnus, Nobel Laureate, civil rights leader and Drum Major for Peace --¬ Dr Martin Luther King, Jr; this abstract work features 50 doves rising in formation to symbolize peace in all 50 states; sculpted by Sergio Castillo

ADDRESS: Boston University campus off Commonwealth Ave, front of Marsh Chapel 

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Archives
Located in the Howard Gotlieb Archival Research Center of Mugar Memorial Library, this is a history researchers paradise; it contains the writings and many personal effects of Dr King; the archives were placed here as stipulated in Dr King's will, which was written before the Freedom Center in Atlanta was conceived or built.

ADMISSION: TBD

DAYS & HOURS: under reconstruction to become a better venue

ADDRESS: 771 Commonwealth Avenue at Boston University

PARKING: On street and paid lots

TRANSIT: Boston University T Station

PHONE: 617-353-2700

WEBSITE: http://www.bu.edu/library/mugar

 

Mansfield, MA

 

National Black Doll Museum

Open since 2012 and located 35 miles south of Boston in Mansfield, Mass the NBDMHC is the second black doll museum in the country and has the largest public display of black dolls; the museum has 7 permanent galleries including a replica “Dogon” hut, historical room, slave ship girth, fashion, sports and music room; the 5,000 square foot museum is handicap accessible; doll making workshops for all ages are available on site and meets the curriculum standards for history, social studies and English.

ADMISSION: $13 for adults, $9 for children & seniors

DAYS & HOURS: Thu-Mon Noon-5p; expanded days and hours during Black History Month

PARKING: On street

TRANSIT: Commuter Rail Ruggles from South Station in Boston

PHONE: 774-284-4729

WEBSITE: http://nbdmhc.org

BLACK ALPHA

Named after Puritans from Boston, England who settled the area, Boston is a textbook example of the promise and pain that African Americans experienced in this great country.  How ironic that people of African descent first came to Boston in 1638, shackled as slaves on a ship named “Desire.”

As one of America’s earliest port cities, Boston became a hub of the slave trade by the 1670s. In colonial days, molasses was a large part of the “triangular trade” in which Caribbean slaves grew sugar cane shipped to Boston, to be made into rum, then sent it to West Africa for purchasing more slaves, sending the rum in turn to the Caribbean. It is ironic how tasty beans and molasses became a contributor to the distasteful practice of slavery and earned the Boston its first nickname, “Beantown.”  Several cemeteries, some houses and a few ships survive from those days.

The Abolitionist Movement took root, making slavery uncool in many quarters, though persistent in others.  A governing body in Boston tried to end slavery in 1701 by circumventing the issue with economics.  They drafted a bill to hire white servants in the place of black slaves.  Although the bill failed, it signaled a time for incremental progress.  Slaves in Boston were soon allowed to purchase their freedom via extra work, leading to a community of free persons of color.  In 1752, there were 1,500 people of African descent occupying 10% of the city population.  Nevertheless, it would take the Revolutionary War to spotlight their positive impact and humanity on Boston at large.  

 The spotlight blazed no brighter than the death of Crispus Attucks, an escaped slave and 1st person to die in the Boston Massacre of 1770.  His death signaled the start of the Revolutionary War between the colonies in America and the British Empire.  All of Boston’s Black citizens fought for America’s independence from Great Britain and many played roles similar to Paul Revere, though America had yet to abolish slavery. They proved their humanity far beyond the economic benefit of slavery.  So in 1783 after the Revolutionary War, the Massachusetts state legislature finally abolished slavery and granted voting rights to African Americans and Native Americans.

 Just when African American fortunes were on the upswing a wave of Irish immigration hit in the 1840s.  With new job competition, that old axe—racism—wedged between African Americans and landed gentry European Americans.  Although the landed gentry did not extend the welcome wagon to the Irish immigrants, the Irish were preferred over most African Americans for training in crafts and supervisory jobs.  Consequently, 25 to 50 years later Irish Americans leveraged their large middleclass into political power and upward social mobility in Boston.  

In contrast, when African Americans from the South migrated to Boston after the Civil War, racial tensions increased over job competition —broadening the wedge between African Americans and European Americans.  In those times of racial tension, even the Black middleclass from families who had fought in the Revolutionary War, encountered more social difficulty.  Black population increased by only 6,500 from 1820 to 1890.  Despite those set backs, the Black middleclass exerted enough influence to get the first African Americans accepted into Harvard and other universities around Boston before 1900.  Booker T. Washington founded the National Negro Business League here in 1900.  W.E.B. Du Bois established the first NAACP branch here in 1912.  Boston had enough Black businessmen, intellectuals and a progressive social environment to accomplish these feats ahead of New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore, which each had larger African American populations.
 
Enlightened European Americans opened doors for African Americans to acquire property and small businesses.  But most became contentedly segregated from, yet near their African American sisters and brothers.  Thus, African Americans founded churches, self-help institutions and separate businesses in their communities.  Boston’s thin veneer of social and economic progress attracted more African Americans.  The influx increased Black political power in school boards, city councils, and state legislatures.  But it also heightened racial attitudes towards African Americans.  Many general banks denied loans to African Americans for non-economic reasons.  More African Americans could only find work in menial jobs and more had to concentrate in the South End residential section of city.  Slowly but surely the walls of discrimination formed around Africans Americans.  For decades, Boston was no longer a pacesetter for social and political progress.

During World War II, Boston absorbed more immigrants from the Caribbean, Cape Verde Africans and African Americans from the South.  With these immigrations increasing their political and economic might, Black activists pushed to abolish discrimination.  In 1961 the NAACP won a lawsuit against the Boston Housing Authority.  It was followed by a push to integrate the public schools via the 1965 Massachusetts Racial Imbalance Act.  Initially the act drew tacit resistance from most white Bostonians.  But when federal judge Arthur Garrity ordered the busing of Black kids from Roxbury to mostly white South Boston, the city exploded.  Black students on buses were pelted with rocks, eggs and tomatoes.  Some were beaten.  These despicable acts led sociologists to coin the term “White Backlash.”   Before busing, 60% of the Boston public school population was white.  Today, Boston school district is 82% persons of color.  Instead of integration, the exact opposite happened.  

Despite that setback, African Americans have progressed.  In 1966 Edward Brooke became the first African American elected to the US Senate after reconstruction.  Harvard became a hub for Black intellectuals and businesspersons.  That solid African American middle-class is finding an increasing amount of opportunity and social mobility, despite intermittent reports that Boston could offer a warmer welcome to African Americans.

National Black Doll Museum

Old State House
Charles Bulfinch's structure is arguably one of the greatest works of classical architecture in America and one of the earliest seats of government in America; it features a mixture of Georgian and Federal design with Corinthian columns on the portico; the golden dome is sheathed in copper from the foundry of Paul Revere; managed by the Boston Historical Society, it has also featured African Americans involved with the American Revolution

ADMISSION: Adults $5, age 62+ $4, students with ID $4, ages 6-18 $1 
DAYS & HOURS: Daily 9a-5p with longer hours in summer 

ADDRESS: 206 Washington Street  MAP

PARKING: Nearby garages
TRANSIT: Blue Line and Orange Line at State Street Station next door
PHONE: 617-727-3676

WEBSITE: http://www.bostonhistory.org

Museum of Fine Arts
From its first location in Copley Square through today, the MFA has undertaken a series of renovation, move and expansion projects; this encyclopedic museum is home to exhibits from all periods of history and cultures, includes Wood carvings, terracotta, and metalwork in galleries for the Asia, Oceania, Africa, Europe the Americas, the Ancient WorldWestern and Central Africa; it is now considered one of the top art museums in the world

 

ADMISSION: Adults $25, age 62+ and students with ID $23, ages 7-17 $9.50 
DAYS & HOURS: Sat-Tue 10a-4:45p, Wed-Fri 10a-9:45p

ADDRESS: 465 Huntington Ave  MAP

PARKING: On premises, but limited so take transit or a taxi
TRANSIT: Green Line at Museum of Fine Arts Station

PHONE: 617-267-9300

WEBSITE: http://www.mfa.org

Institute of Contemporary Art
Founded in 1936 and the first American museum for contemporary art; established a reputation for identifying important new contemporary artists in all media; In 1999, the city of Boston selected the ICA as the recipient of a waterfront site for a new museum that would be the cultural cornerstone of the Fan Pier redevelopmen; today the new 65,000-square-foot building with column-free galleries, moveable walls, 15 1/2-foot ceilings can really flex its wings as a pacesetter presenting visual, film, video, performance and literature arts

ADMISSION: $12 adults, $10 students and seniors

DAYS & HOURS: Tue-Wed 10a-5p, Thu-Fri 10a-9p, Sat-Sun 10a-5p

ADDRESS: 100 Northern Avenue  MAP

PARKING: On premises, but limited so take transit or a taxi
TRANSIT: N.A.

PHONE: 617-266-5152

WEBSITE: http://www.icaboston.org
 

BOSTON ART & HISTORY MUSEUMS

John F. Kennedy Library & Museum
On a ten-acre park overlooking Boston Harbor, it is the nation’s official memorial dedicated to our nation's 35th president and to all those who through the art of politics ,seek a new and better world; the location is special because it is located on a ten-acre park, overlooking Dorchester Bay that JFK loved and the city that launched him to greatness; enables visitors to experience the life and legacy of John Fitzgerald Kennedy our 35th President in 25 exhibits, three theaters, educational programs and tons of research material.

ADMISSION: Adults $10, age 62+ and Students with ID $8, ages 13-17 $7, ages 12 and under are Free

DAYS & HOURS: Daily 9a-5p

ADDRESS: Columbia Point  MAP

PARKING: On premises, but limited so take transit or a taxi
TRANSIT: Catch the Red Line to JFK/U. of Massachusetts Station, then walk the equivalent of 6 blocks east to the JFK Library

PHONE: 617-514-1600

WEBSITE: http://www.jfklibrary.org

Charlestown, MA

 

Bunker Hill Museum
On 17 June 1775, Bunker Hill hosted one of the first battles of the Revolutionary War between American colonists and the British; completed in 2007, the museum houses all new exhibits on the Battle of Bunker Hill, the building of the Monument and the history of Charlestown.

ADMISSION: Free

DAYS & HOURS: 9a-5p

ADDRESS: 43 Monument Square  MAP

PARKING: On street

TRANSIT: N.A.

PHONE: 617-242-564

WEBSITE: http://www.nps.gov/bost/historyculture/bhmuseum.htm

USS Constitution Battleship

Visitors get a glimpse into Boston’s Naval history from 1800 until 1974; includes a museum covering the world’s surviving oldest war ship, the USS Constitution nicknamed "Old Ironsides"

ADMISSION: By donation

DAYS & HOURS: Apr 15–Oct 31 9a-6p, Nov 1–Apr 14 10a-5p

ADDRESS: Pier 1 in Charlestown Navy Yard  MAP

PARKING: On street

TRANSIT: N.A.

PHONE: 617-242-5692

WEBSITE: http://www.ussconstitutionmuseum.org

BOSTON HISTORIC SITES

Site of the Boston Massacre
On 5 March 1770 Crispus Attucks, was the first to die for his country when British troops opened fire on a protest gathering here; that massacre is widely recognized as the beginning of the American Revolution; Congress Street side of the Old State House

ADDRESS: 206 Washington Street  MAP

Old South Meeting House
Built in 1729, it is the second oldest church in Boston, the place where the Boson Tea Party was planned and a National Historic Monument; today it’s a museum housing many artifacts of our nation’s history; including an exhibit about the life and poems of Phyllis Wheatley (1753-1784); Phyllis arrived in Boston on a slave ship, then was sold to Suzannah Wheatley in 1761; recognizing the special talent of this young girl, Suzannah mentored and encouraged her; Phyllis’ book of poems was published 1773 to international acclaim; unfortunately she was not able to translate that fame to wealth before she died at age 30

ADMISSION: Small fee

DAYS & HOURS: Daily

ADDRESS: 310 Washington Street  MAP

PHONE: 617-482-6439

Middleton-Glapion House
Built in 1797, this oldest standing clapboard-style house on Boston's Beacon Hill was built by African Americans and its original owners were George Middleton and Louis Glapion; they were members of the African Lodge of Masons; it is commonly believed and supported by historian William C Neill that George Middleton led the Black company called the "Bucks of America", in the American Revolution; not open to public

ADDRESS: 5-7 Pinckney Street  MAP

Smith Court Residences
 A series of houses which are typical of the homes that African Americans lived in beginning in 1825; William C. Nell, the first published African American historian, abolitionist and close friend of William Lloyd Garrison, lived here from 1851 to 1856 -- he also led the crusade to integrate Boston's public schools; later when James Scott, an African American clothier purchased 3 Smith Court, it was also used as a station for the Underground Railroad; no tours inside

ADDRESS: 3-10 Smith Court  MAP

Abiel Smith School
 In 1787 Prince Hall petitioned the Massachusetts legislature for African American access to the public school system; after numerous petitions were denied, the 1st public school for African Americans opened in Prince Hall's home on the northeast corner of West Cedar and Revere Streets; in 1808 the grammar school was moved to larger quarters on the 1st floor of the African Meeting House; the school was named after a white businessman who left an endowment for the education of Black children; that endowment was used to build this school in 1834; now a National Historic Landmark recently renovated.

ADDRESS: 46 Joy Street  MAP

Phillips School
In 1855 when slavery was abolished by legislative act in Massachusetts, this became the 1st integrated school in Boston; the school was moved to its present location in 1861

ADDRESS: Anderson and Pinckney Streets  MAP

 


Dillaway-Thomas House
Named for Charles Dillaway, an educator who lived in the house for most of the 19th century; today the house serves as a heritage center providing historical and cultural events, special exhibits and a unique oral history project called "The Griots of Roxbury", which is conducted by a youth group

DAYS & HOURS: Tours Tue-Sun

ADDRESS: 183 Roxbury Street  MAP

PHONE: 617-445-3399

Lewis Hayden House
Hayden, after an escaping slavery, moved to this house with his wife Harriet in 1849; funded by his clothing store on Cambridge Street, their home became a major stop on the Underground Railroad; an abolitionist friend, Francis Jackson, purchased the house to help secure its use for that purpose; reputedly, the Haydens kept kegs of gunpowder under their front stoop -- they greeted slave bounty hunters with lit candles and threatened to blow up the bounty hunters along with the house, rather than surrender escaped slaves; in 1865 the Jackson estate sold the house to the Haydens, who were also recruiting agents for the 54th Regiment during the Civil War; not open to public

ADDRESS: 66 Phillips Street  MAP

Malcolm X Residence
Malcolm Little (before his first name change) lived here with his half-sister, Ella Little-Collins from 1941-1946; his time in Boston is covered in his autobiography and at www.brothermalcolm.net; the 2 1/2-story house was declared a Boston historical landmark in 1998 and is owned by Malcolm X's nephew, Rodnell P. Collins; the house, in need of restoration, is not open to public

ADDRESS: 72 Dale Street next to Malcolm X Park MAP

Tent City
When affluent Copley Square office and shopping complex was built next door, planners had authorized slum replacement for many adjacent properties; but African American activists stood up or more accurately, pitched tent to protest the destruction of housing when so many were homeless; at the end of the day mixed moderate and lower income apartments and row houses were built and this remarkable red-brick community kept the name Tent City

ADDRESS: Dartmouth Street between Stuart Street & Columbus Ave  MAP

Prince Hall Masonic Temple
In 1787 Prince Hall founded the 1st African Lodge of Masons in the US; this lodge (#459) is one of the few to still possess its original Royal Charter; Hall was also a notable Methodist minister, Revolutionary War soldier and abolitionist; his grave is at Copp's Hill Burying Ground in Boston's North End

ADDRESS: 18 Washington Street  MAP

PHONE: 617-445-1145

William Monroe Trotter House
Trotter (1872-1934) founded and published the Boston Guardian newspaper which championed civil rights issues for African Americans; he founded the Boston Equal Rights League in 1901, which was the predecessor to the NAACP; built in 1893, this house is now a National Historic Landmark (closed to public)

ADDRESS: 97 Sawyer Street  MAP

Cambridge, MA

W.E.B. Du Bois Residence
This simple, historic site was the former home of one the great minds of the 20th century, Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois (1868-1963); among his many accomplishments, Du Bois was the first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University, taught and strengthened the curricula at Atlanta University and co-founded the NAACP; Du Bois is honored for framing a widely recognized scholarly examination on the effects of American racism from a Black perspective via several books, including "The Souls of Black Folk" and "The Philadelphia Negro"; he is also remembered for a staunchly opposite view to the approach taken by Booker T Washington on how best to advance the interests of Colored People

ADDRESS: 20 Flagg Street  MAP

Reginald Lewis International Law Center
Dedicated to law school alum Reginald F Lewis; Lewis earned fame for the largest single gift to Harvard by an individual ($3 million); Lewis was the former owner of TLC Beatrice International, the largest company owned by an African American in the 1990s (over $1.6 billion revenue); a firebrand and Wall Street wiz who mastered the art of the Leveraged Buy Out, Lewis is perhaps best remembered for his autobiography titled Why Should White Guys Have All the Fun?, published shortly after his untimely death in January 1993

ADDRESS: Harvard Law School Complex  MAP

William Wells Brown House
Former home of nation’s first African American novelist; private residence, no visitors

ADDRESS: 15 Webster Street  MAP

Nantucket, MA

African Meeting House
Only public structure central to the history of the African American community remaining on the island; the building dates from 1827, when it served as a church, school for African children, and meeting house; on Nantucket Island there are more than 800 structures that predate the Civil War; open July and August

DAYS & HOURS: Tue-Sat 11a-3p, Sun 1-3p

ADDRESS: 29 York Street  MAP

PHONE: 617-228-9833

Newport, RI

Colonial Cemetery
Has burial markers that date back to the 17th century when Newport was a New England center of the American slave trade; ironically, Newport was settled under the principles of religious freedom; reportedly the city also hosts the first African American composer, first American Army Regiment (1st Rhode Island Regiment - 1778) and first free African American self-help association (Free African Benevolent Society)

ADDRESS:

WEBSITE: http://www.colonialcemetery.com

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