Demographics of NEW ORLEANS
White Black Native American Asian Hispanic
Total Population 28.5% 62.25% 0.2% 2.2.6% 3.6%
Because Hispanics could be counted in other races, the totals above could possibly be more than 100%. If you would like a detailed listing of all ethnic groups in the U.S.
FACTS ABOUT NEW ORLEANS
New Orleans is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana. The New Orleans – Metairie – Bogalusa combined statistical area has a population of 1,360,436 as of 2000. The city/parish alone has a population of 343,829 as of 2010.
New Orleans remained under Spanish control until 1801, when it reverted to French control. Nearly all of the surviving 18th century architecture of the Vieux Carré (French Quarter) dates from this Spanish period. (The most notable exception being the Old Ursuline Convent.) Napoleon sold the territory to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Thereafter, the city grew rapidly with influxes of Americans, French, Creoles, Irish, Germans and Africans. Major commodity crops of sugar and cotton were cultivated with slave labor on large plantations outside the city.
The Battle of New Orleans (1815)The Haitian Revolution of 1804 in what was then the French colony of St. Domingue established the second republic in the Western Hemisphere and the first led by blacks. Haitian refugees, both white and free people of color (affranchis or gens de couleur libres), arrived in New Orleans, often bringing slaves with them. While Governor Claiborne and other officials wanted to keep out more free black men, French Creoles wanted to increase the French-speaking population. As more refugees were allowed in Louisiana, Haitian émigrés who had gone to Cuba also arrived. Nearly 90 percent of the new immigrants settled in New Orleans. The 1809 migration brought 2,731 whites; 3,102 free persons of African descent; and 3,226 enslaved refugees to the city, doubling its French-speaking population. Many of these white francophones were deported by officials in Cuba in response to Bonapartist schemes in Spain.
During Reconstruction New Orleans was within the Fifth Military District of the United States. Louisiana was readmitted to the Union in 1868, and its Constitution of 1868 granted universal manhood suffrage. Due to the state's large African American population, many blacks held public office. In 1872, then-lieutenant governor P.B.S. Pinchback succeeded Henry Clay Warmouth as governor of Louisiana, becoming the first non-white governor of a U.S. state, and the last African American to lead a U.S. state until Douglas Wilder's election in Virginia, 117 years later. In New Orleans, Reconstruction was marked by the horrible Mechanics Institute race riot (1866) but also by the successful operation of a fully racially-integrated public school system. Meanwhile, the city's economy struggled to right itself after practically grinding to a halt upon the declaration of war in 1861, the nationwide Panic of 1873 conspiring to severely retard economic recovery.
The city struggled to digest the ramifications of the legal enfranchisement of its sizable African-American population. New Orleans was very much at the center of the Civil Rights struggle. The SCLC was founded in the city, lunch counter sit-ins were held in Canal Street stores, and a very prominent and ugly series of confrontations occurred when the city attempted school desegregation, in 1960. That episode witnessed the first occasion of a black child attending an all-white elementary school in the South, when six year-old Ruby Bridges integrated William Frantz Elementary School in the city's Ninth Ward. The Civil Rights movement's success in realizing the desegregation of public facilities and schools, and the enfranchisement of the black voter, constituted the most significant event in New Orleans' 20th century history. Though legal equality was established by the end of the 1960s, a yawning gap in income levels and educational attainment persisted between the city's white and black communities. The effects of this gap were amplified by accelerating white flight, as the city's population grew poorer and blacker. New Orleans' political leadership, from 1980 onwards firmly in the hands of its African-American majority, struggled to narrow this gap by creating conditions conducive to the economic uplift of the black community.
21st century: New Orleans was catastrophically impacted by what the University of California Berkeley's Dr. Raymond B. Seed called "the worst engineering disaster in the world since Chernobyl" when the Federal levee system failed catastrophically during Hurricane Katrina in 2005. By the time the hurricane approached the city at the end of August 2005, most residents had evacuated. As the hurricane passed through the Gulf Coast region, the city's federal flood protection system failed, resulting in the worst civil engineering disaster in American history. Floodwalls and levees constructed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers failed below design specifications and 80% of the city flooded. Tens of thousands of residents who had remained in the city were rescued or otherwise made their way to shelters of last resort at the Louisiana Superdome or the New Orleans Morial Convention Center. Over 1,500 people died in Louisiana and some are still unaccounted for. Hurricane Katrina called for the first mandatory evacuation in the city's history, the second of which came 3 years later with Hurricane Gustav.
Post-disaster recovery: The Census Bureau in July 2006 estimated the population of New Orleans to be 223,000; a subsequent study estimated that 32,000 additional residents had moved to the city as of March 2007, bringing the estimated population to 255,000, approximately 56% of the pre-Katrina population level. Another estimate, based on data on utility usage from July 2007, estimated the population to be approximately 274,000 or 60% of the pre-Katrina population. These estimates are somewhat smaller than a third estimate, based on mail delivery records, from the Greater New Orleans Community Data Center in June 2007, which indicated that the city had regained approximately two-thirds of its pre-Katrina population. In 2008, the Census Bureau revised upward its population estimate for the city, to 336,644. Most recently, 2010 estimates show that neighborhoods that did not flood are near 100% of their pre-Katrina populations, and in some cases, exceed 100% of their pre-Katrina populations.
A large number of institutions of higher education exist within the city, including Tulane University and Loyola University New Orleans, the city's major private universities. These universities also administer the city's three professional schools, Tulane University School of Medicine, Tulane University Law School and Loyola University New Orleans College of Law. The University of New Orleans is a large public research university in the city. Dillard University, Southern University at New Orleans and Xavier University of Louisiana are among some of the leading historically black colleges and universities in the United States (Xavier being the only predominantly black Catholic university in the U.S.) Louisiana State University School of Medicine is the state's flagship public university medical school, which also conducts research.
New Orleans has always been a significant center for music, showcasing its intertwined European, Latin American, and African cultures. New Orleans' unique musical heritage was born in its pre-American and early American days from a unique blending of European instruments with African rhythms. As the only North American city to allow slaves to gather in public and play their native music (largely in Congo Square, now located within Louis Armstrong Park), New Orleans gave birth to an indigenous music: jazz. Soon, brass bands formed, gaining popular attraction that still holds today. The city's music was later significantly influenced by Acadiana, home of Cajun and Zydeco music, and Delta blues.
New Orleans is world-famous for its food. The indigenous cuisine is distinctive and influential. From centuries of amalgamation of the local Creole, haute Creole, and New Orleans French cuisines, New Orleans food has developed. Local ingredients, French, Spanish, Italian, African, Native American, Cajun, and a hint of Cuban traditions combine to produce a truly unique and easily recognizable Louisiana flavor.
The climate of New Orleans is humid subtropical, with short, generally mild winters and hot, humid summers. In January, morning lows average around 43 °F, and daily highs around 62 °F. In July, lows average 74 °F, and highs average 91 °F. The lowest recorded temperature was 7 °F on February 13, 1899. The highest recorded temperature was 102 °F on August 22, 1980.
WWOZ 90.7 FM New Orleans, LA Jazz/Blues/Rhythm & Blues
WQUE 93.3 FM New Orleans, LA Hip Hop
WEZB 97.1 FM New Orleans, LA Top-40
WYLD 98.5 FM New Orleans, LA Urban Contemporary
WRNO 99.5 FM New Orleans, LA News/Talk
KKND 102.9 FM Belle Chasse, LA Hip Hop
WWL 105.3 FM Kenner, LA News/Talk
WYLD 940 AM New Orleans, LA Gospel Music
WWWL 1350 AM New Orleans, LA Sports
A Touch of History
The The African American community has played a vital role in creating the authentic masterpiece of a city that New Orleans is today. This population of African Americans began to grow in the city, including Creoles descended from unions of Africans with the French and Spanish. The Creoles often were labeled as “gens de couleur libres” (free people of color) who lived in the Treme, the oldesT African American neighborhood still in existence
NEW ORLEANS CONVENTION CENTER ANNOUNCES PLANS FOR NOLA CHRISTMAS FEST 2016
- Indoor Christmas Festival to Feature Expanded Ice Skating Rink and Gingerbread House Exhibit -
(New Orleans, La.) – The New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center today announced details of the expanded Fourth Annual NOLA ChristmasFest. NOLA ChristmasFest, one of the largest indoor holiday events along the Gulf Coast, is slated for Friday, December 16 through Friday, December 30, 2016, at the New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center inside Hall I.
The family-oriented holiday festival will include 15 days of family fun for all ages. NOLA ChristmasFest will showcase New Orleans’ only authentic ice skating rink which will be double in size from last year. Also new this year is the New Orleans-themed Gingerbread House Exhibit which will stage beautifully hand-crafted gingerbread creations. NOLA ChristmasFest will also feature Santa and other popular holiday characters, carnival rides, themed inflatables and arts and crafts.
The popular children’s activities including the A-Maze-ing walk-through Maze, Kringle Carousel, Winter Whirl, Snowball Fight and the Snowy Summit Climbing Wall will return for NOLA ChristmasFest 2016 guests. Children and families will be able to take memorable Christmas photos with Santa and his North Pole friends within the festive environment.
NOLA ChristmasFest will display thousands of dazzling lights and dozens of Christmas trees decorated by New Orleans businesses, and Convention Center Boulevard will be draped in holiday décor with more than one million mesmerizing lights synced to traditional and contemporary Christmas music.
The expansion of NOLA ChristmasFest 2016 is due to an overwhelming success in 2015 in which more than 44,000 visitors from all across the South enjoyed the indoor Christmas festivities.
NOLA ChristmasFest will be open every day during the two week event including special hours on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day. NOLA Convenient parking will be available nearby. For more information, visit
About the New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center
With 1.1 million square feet of contiguous exhibit space, an award winning staff and first class amenities, the New Orleans Ernest N. Morial Convention Center (MCCNO) is the sixth largest convention center in the nation, a consistent Top 10 host of the largest number of conventions and trade shows annually, and one of the city’s “Top Workplaces.” A leading rainmaker of the city’s hospitality industry, MCCNO event activity has produced $50.03 billion in economic impact since its 1985 opening, including $3.12 billion in new tax revenues. During its 31 years of operation, the MCCNO has welcomed more than 15 million visitors through its doors
Blue Nile - Category: Nightclub - 532 Frenchmen St. New Orleans, LA 70130 (504) 948-2583
Club Ampersand - Category: Nightclub - Premier night club featuring late night dancing and entertainment. - 1100 Tulane Ave. New Orleans, LA (504) 587-3737
d.b.a. - 616 Frenchmen St, New Orleans, LA (504) 942-3731 -
Donna's Bar & Grill - 800 N Rampart St, New Orleans, LA (504) 596-6914 -
Ernie K-Doe's Mother-in-Law Lounge - Live Music featuring latin,salsa,jazz, and blues 1500 N Claiborne, New Orleans, LA (504) 947-1078
Fat Catz Music Club - Category: Jazz and Blues Music - 440 Bourbon St. New Orleans, LA (504) 525-0383 -
Hi-Ho Lounge - Category: Nightclub with Live Music, Jazz, Blues, Hip-Hop and R&B - 2239 St Claude - New Orleans, LA (504) 947-9344 -
House Of Blues - Category: Nightclub with Live Music, Jazz, and Blues - 225 Decatur St. New Orleans, LA (504) 310-4999 -
Irvin Mayfield's Jazz Playhouse - Royal Sonesta Hotel, 300 Bourbon St, New Orleans, LA (504) 586-0300 -
Jazz Parlor Saloon - Category: Jazz and Blues Music - 125 Bourbon St. New Orleans, LA (504) 231-8519 -
K-Doe Ernie Mother-In-Law Lounge - 1500 N Claiborne Ave, New Orleans, LA (504) 947-1078 -
Mahalia Jackson Theater - 1419 Basin St, New Orleans, LA (504) 525-1052 -
New Orleans Culinary Historic Tours - 4648 Lafaye St, New Orleans, LA (504) 427-9595 -
Palm Court Jazz Café - 1204 Decatur St, New Orleans, LA (504) 525-0200 -
Preservation Hall - 726 St. Peter St, New Orleans, LA (504) 522-2841 -
Snug Harbor - 626 Frenchmen St, New Orleans, LA (504) 949-0696 -
Southern Rep Theatre - 365 Canal St, New Orleans, LA (504) 523-9857 -
The Improv @ Harrah's - Category: Comedy - 8 Canal St. New Orleans, LA (504) 533-6000 -
Tipitina's - Features: Live Music 501 Napoleon Ave, New Orleans, LA (504) 895-8477
VOILÀ - Nightclub 300 Decatur Street, New Orleans, LA 70130 (504) 237-7561
12 Bar - Category: Nightclub - 608 Fulton St. New Orleans, LA 70130 (504) 212-6476 -
Annual Gridiron Celebrity Hoops All-Star Basketball Game Ticket holders will experience special presentations, an unparalleled slam dunk contest, interactive games, opportunities to meet celebrities, get their autographs and take pictures, as well as eat good food, and hear great jazz bands.
Big Easy Comedy Festival (visit website)
Held New Orleans Memorial Day Weekend.
Essence Music Festival (visit website)
Held in the month of July, New Orleans Louisiana.
Jazz & Heritage Festival (visit website)
Held in the month of April, New Orleans Louisiana.
Mardi Gras in New Orleans (visit website)
the Carnival celebrations, beginning on or after Epiphany and ending on the day before Ash Wednesday.
Satchmo Summer Festival (visit website)
New Orleans festival celebrating the life of Louis Armstrong. Held in the month of August
AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE
AFRICAN AMERICAN ARTS
The McKenna Museum of African-American Art
Address: 2003 Carondelet St, New Orleans, LA 70130
Phone: (504) 586-7432
The McKenna Museum is located in the beautiful Central City
neighborhood of Uptown New Orleans just a block off of St.Charles Avenue. Easily accessible by bus & street car, the McKenna Museum is just a 5 minute drive or scenic ride from downtown. Parking is available on the Carondelet, St. Andrew, and Brainard streets surrounding the museum.
NEW ORLEANS AFRICAN AMERICAN
MUSEUM OF ART CULTURE & HISTORY
Established in 2000, the mission of the New Orleans African American Museum of Art, Culture and History (NOAAM) is "to preserve, interpret and promote the African American cultural heritage of New Orleans, with a particular emphasis on the Tremé community.
Address: 1418 Governor Nicholls St
New Orleans, LA 70116
Old and New Traditions
A vital place for this development was Congo Square, a formerly grassy area that is now part of Armstrong Park on the edge of the French Quarter. Especially on Sundays, hundreds of African slaves and laborers congregated to play music, dance, and socialize. Because many slaves in New Orleans came from culturally similar regions in western Africa, they formed new variations of common traditions and bonded with those who could speak in their native tongues. This newly connected community was also able assert its heritage and make new traditions during the city’s annual Mardi Gras celebrations.
River Road African American Museum
The River Road African American Museum, is located in the downtown historic district of Donaldsonville and was founded on March 12, 1994.
Kathe Hambrick, the museum founder and director, returned to Louisiana from California in 1991. Upon returning to Louisiana, she soon discovered that although some things had changed, other things remained the same.
Address:406 Charles Street |Donaldsonville, LA 70346
There was a lack of knowledge about the contributions of African Americans who lived and worked on the plantations along the Mississippi River.
Hambrick toured plantations that lined the Mississippi River between Baton Rouge and New Orleans. These tours romanticized the lives of plantation owners and their families. Hambrick found that the history of the enslaved Africans was not included in the narratives that were presented on the plantation tours. Upon learning of this grave omission, she vowed to herself - "We must do something to tell our story..." Later on, one night, it just came to Hambrick that the answer was a museum.
In 1992, in a bold andcourageous move, driven by a passion to fulfill her vision, Kathe Hambrick approached the owners of the Tezcuco Plantation and with great conviction asked the owners if they would let her use a vacant room at Tezcuco to start a museum.
On March 12, 1994, as a tribute to the hundreds of enslaved people brought to the area, the River Road African American Museum opened.
On Mothers' Day 12, 2002, the Tezcuco Plantation was engulfed by fire. The fire destroyed the 4,500 square-foot main plantation house. The River Road African American Museum collection was spared. The owners of Tezcuco decided not to rebuild.
The museum found its new home in historic Donaldsonville at 406 Charles Street. The museum’s relocation to Donaldsonville is significant in that it now incorporates the stories and unique history and landmarks of the Donaldsonville area which once was the capital of Louisiana.
Southern Food & Beverage Museum
The Museum was founded in 2004 by Matt Konigsmark, Gina Warner, and Elizabeth Williams, who is now President. It got its start through a small exhibit on the history and influences of beverages in New Orleans.[With help from co-founders Elizabeth Pearce and a growing board of interested foodies from around the South, the exhibits grew. Pearce curated an exhibit based on the revival of restaurants in post-Hurricane Katrina New Orleans called Restaurant Restorative that was featured at the 2006 James Beard Foundation Awards
Address: 500 Port of New Orleans Place, #169 - New Orleans, LA
Bountiful Harvest Full Gospel - 4216 N Derbigny St, New Orleans, LA (504) 943-0802
First African Baptist Church - 2216 Third Street, New Orleans, LA (504) 895-1229
Historic St James AME Church - 222 N Roman St, New Orleans, LA 70112-3350 (504) 586-8381
Historic St. Peter A.M.E. Church - 1201 Cadiz Street, New Orleans, LA 70175-0008 (504) 891-3488 - (visit website)
Morris Brown AME Church - 1813 Urquhart St, New Orleans, LA 70116-1551 (504) 948-2165
Mount Zion United Methodist Church - 2700 Louisiana Avenue, New Orleans, LA - (visit website)
Payne Memorial AME Church - 3306 S. Liberty St, New Orleans, LA 70115 (504) 899-3424 - (visit website)
St John Ame Church - 1017 Belleville St, New Orleans, LA 70114-4401 (504) 366-3713
St John Divine Missionary Baptist Church - 1763 N Derbigny St, New Orleans, LA (504) 949-6624
Zion Hill Missionary Baptist Church - 1126 N Robertson St, New Orleans, LA (504) 525-0507
African American History in New Orleans
The African American community has played a vital role in creating the authentic masterpiece of a city that New Orleans is today.
Under French rule of colonial Louisiana in 1724, the Code Noir (“Black Code”), was created to restrict the rights of the slaves forcibly brought over from Africa. But this population of enslaved workers somehow managed to preserve their heritage in the New World, even after Louisiana moved to Spanish control in 1763 and then to American control forty years later. So instead of being stamped out, aspects of African culture persisted in New Orleans and were eventually absorbed into the city’s overall culture.
Gens de Couleur Libre, or Free People of Color, lived in the Treme, the oldest African-American neighborhood still in existence.
The African American Community
This population of African Americans began to grow in the city, including Creoles descended from unions of Africans with the French and Spanish. The Creoles often were labeled as “gens de couleur libres” (free people of color) who lived in the Treme, the oldest African-American neighborhood still in existence. Some slaves also were able to earn their freedom, and others came to New Orleans from present-day Haiti, fleeing a slave revolt there and bringing voodoo and other traditions with them.
Of all the African-American contributions to New Orleans culture, music is the star that shines exceedingly bright. Most famously, the Crescent City is the birthplace of jazz, the American musical idiom whose dawn at the turn of the twentieth century can be traced back to those Sundays at Congo Square. But New Orleans African-American musicians have been leaders in everything from hip hop to funk, from gospel to a distinctive style of rhythm & blues that has exerted a huge influence on rock ’n’ roll. New Orleans remains famous for its still vibrant music scene rooted in its musical legacy, a legacy that is African-American at its core.
Treme Brass Band
African Influence in Mardi Gras
Many of New Orleans’ beloved Mardi Gras traditions are African-American, most prominently the Mardi Gras Indians and the Zulu parade that rolls behind Rex on Mardi Gras Day. The Krewe of Zulu grew out of social aid and pleasure clubs, and its traditions ridicule white Mardi Gras krewes’ self-importance as well as white stereotypes of African-Americans, with the riders dressed in blackface and grass skirts while handing out spears and coconuts.
New Orleans is home to two historically African American colleges, Dillard University and Xavier University, which is the only African-American Catholic university in the country.
Points of Interest
In addition to the beautiful Congo Square, you can visit the African American Museum in Treme to learn about the oldest surviving black community in the United States. You can also visit the Backstreet Cultural Museum for amazing assortment of memorabilia indigenous to Mardi Gras, jazz funerals and other traditions found only in New Orleans.
Whitney Plantation Historic District
The Whitney Plantation Historic District is a museum devoted to slavery in the U.S. South that is preserved near Wallace, in St. John the Baptist Parish, Louisiana. The museum opened on the plantation property in December 2014.
Address: 5099 LA-18, Edgard, LA 70049
Phone: (225) 265-3300
The Whitney Plantation, originally known as Habitation Haydel, is located less than an hour from New Orleans, on the historic River Road in Wallace, Louisiana. Ambroise Heidel (1702-ca.1770), the founder of this plantation, emigrated from Germany to Louisiana with his mother and siblings in 1721. He became a modest farmer on the east bank with, at one time, a single pig for livestock. In 1752 Ambroise bought the original land tract of this plantation and became a wealthy owner engaged in the business of indigo. Jean Jacques Haydel Sr. (Heidel’s younger child) transitioned the plantation from Indigo to sugar in the early 1800's before passing it to future generations. After the Civil War (1867) the plantation was sold to Bradish Johnson of New York, who named the property after his grandson Harry Whitney.
In 1946, in the middle of one of the many shifts in ownership, the Big House on the plantation was described as “one of the most interesting in the entire South” by Charles E. Peterson, senior landscape architect of the United States Department of the Interior. According to Jay Edwards, a professor of anthropology and an historian of architecture at Louisiana State University, the Big House is one of the finest surviving examples of Spanish Creole architecture and one of the earliest raised Creole cottages in Louisiana. Moreover, it is one of the very few Historic American houses known to have received decorative wall paintings on both its exterior and its interior. Whitney Plantation is also significant because of the number of its historic outbuildings which were added to the site over the years, thus providing a unique perspective on the evolution of the Louisiana working plantation.
The Whitney Plantation Historic District is on the National Register of Historic Places. Whitney Plantation is a genuine landmark built by African slaves and their descendants. As a site of memory and consciousness, the Whitney Plantation Museum is meant to pay homage to all slaves on the plantation itself and to all of those who lived elsewhere in the US South.